Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication is one of the major technologies set to reshape mobility as we know it—and that includes traffic lights. According to AAA, the average American spends nearly 59 hours per year sitting at red lights. Imagine how much quicker (and more pleasant) your daily commute would be if that number was brought down to zero. This could one day be reality.
As part of the UK Autodrive Project, Ford Motor Company plans to demonstrate its Intersection Priority Management (IPM) technology on the roads of a small town about 60 miles north of London. Ford has equipped test vehicles with V2V communications so they can track each other’s locations, travel speed, and direction. This information helps vehicles suggest speed alterations to drivers so they can pass one another safely at an intersection without ever having to stop. If this technology was applied to driverless vehicles in the future—which is likely given Ford’s ventures in autonomous vehicle testing—cars would be able to slow themselves automatically.
The thinking behind IPM is based on how human beings make their way through crowded areas. While walking, we typically don’t come to complete stops to avoid people in our path. We continuously adjust our walking speed or direction to prevent collisions. If the same process could be transferred to our vehicles it would spell the end of traffic lights and stops, creating a more efficient flow of traffic.
Watch the video below for a demonstration of this incredible technology:
When you no longer have to drive, what will you do during your commute? Space10, Ikea’s research and development divison, and creative agency foam have teamed up to design answers to that question as part of their Spaces on Wheels project.
Once fully autonomous, cars will be more than just modes of transportation–they’ll be whatever we want. As Space10 creative strategist Bas van de Poel puts it, “Autonomous vehicles have the potential to profoundly change urban life for the better, but we also need a more holistic view on how we want to live”.
So the question is: what do we, as a society, feel would enrich our lives? The answers are bound to be varied and many, but Spaces on Wheels is an inspired start. The project offers a glimpse of what transportation could look like in the future. The ideas span from leisure to life-saving. There’s the traveling cafe which allows friends to catch up over coffee while still getting where they need to go; and the mobile health clinic, occupied by medical professionals, is designed to bring basic and life-saving services to remote communities.
There are seven concepts in total, designed either to enhance the commuting experience of individuals or improve communities’ access to essential goods and services.
Check out the renderings of the Space10 designs below:
The future of mobility is electric. We have the technology and given the ever-rising concerns surrounding global warming and fossil fuels, we certainly have the motivation. But with only about 20,000 charging stations across the US—about ⅙ the number of gas stations—electric vehicles aren’t yet practical for widespread use. While more designated charging stations are needed, one startup believes they have the technology to bring simplified car charging to homes, parking lots, and eventually the roads themselves .
WiTricity is working on a form of wireless charging called magnetic resonance. This technology draws energy from the electric grid through a wire which leads into a copper coil on the ground, creating a magnetic field. As a second copper wire attached to the bottom of a vehicle enters this magnetic field, an electric current is generated and used to charge the car’s battery pack. So to charge your vehicle, you simply need to pull into the spot and wait a few hours. WiTricity claims that this method is just as efficient as current cable charging systems. But unlike cables, coils can transfer energy straight through asphalt and pavement, allowing this tech to be used in parking lots and driveways. This capability is at the core of WiTricity’s loftiest goal—turning cars into mobile power banks.
WiTricity wants to install their technology underneath roadways so cars can refuel while driving. But they’re being realistic about the complexity of making this happen in the coming years. CEO, Alex Gruzen, says cities and states won’t want to tear up hundreds of miles of roadway to install electric charging. For now, Gruzen has sights on airports and train stations with large stretches of taxi lanes. Cars could charge while they’re in line. Eventually, WiTricity wants to see electric cars rolling around as giant batteries. They could store up electricity until needed and then divert back any excess directly into the grid either for payment or credits for free for their next refuel. While this practice of redistributing energy to the grid could exist with cable charging, it is likely much simpler and faster via the coil method.
Check out this video demo of WiWtricity’s wireless charging:
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Virtual Reality (VR)—it’s all fun and games until someone figures out how to use it for the benefit of safety education. And it appears that time is upon us. While still in its infancy, the mainstay of VR has been entertainment, giving users next-level experiences of visual media like video games and films. But since it’s conception (and likely well before it), developers and members of various disciplines have recognized VR for it’s potential educational applications. Since transportation is an industry impacting nearly all members of our society on a daily-basis, it’s the perfect candidate for improvement by way of VR. Recently, two new safety programs have been created to educate pedestrians and drivers alike.
With the school year underway crosswalks are once again flooded with young children. In Canada, child pedestrian injuries are a leading cause of injury-related death. To combat these unfortunate statistics, researchers at the University of Guelph are implementing a VR program that teaches students when and how to cross streets safely in real-life scenarios. By wearing the VR goggles, children are fully immersed in pedestrian environments and given the chance to test their reaction time and general attention. A digital character acts as the child’s coach, offering positive reinforcements and directions for improvements. This immersive, tailored approach appears to be working. In a study of 130 children aged 7-10, those trained with the VR program made 75 to 98 percent few road safety errors than their counterparts.
Truckers in England have also received their own VR training program. Highway England has created a VR smartphone app that gives users a simulated view from a truck cab traveling down a highway. This application was initially designed for the use of commercial truckers, but Highway England states that it’s equally beneficial to private drivers who will no doubt encounter heavy goods vehicles (HGV) on the road. A few of the scenarios included in the application are: overtaking, tailgating, joining from a ramp lane, and more. The main goal of the application is to develop awareness for blind spots on trucks, which are naturally much larger than those of an average four-wheel vehicle.
We’re still in the early phases of VR technology, but if these programs are any indication, the future of virtual education tools is looking bright. One could imagine VR technology finding its way into mainstream driver’s education at some point in the near future. If it means safer roads, let the games begin.
#vr #virtualreality #gaming #tech #cars
On Tuesday September 11, three days before Hurricane Florence was predicted to hit the southeast coastline, residents began stocking up on supplies, preparing their homes, and heading inland. While the storm was re-categorized in severity several times, local ordinances continued to warn residents of the impending damage and urged them to get out while they could. This proved wise. The intense winds and historic levels of rainfall brought by Florence leveled homes and has left entire neighborhoods and swaths of major roadways like Interstate 40 completely submerged in flood water.
To expedite the evacuation, eastbound lanes on Interstate 26 and southbound Interstate 77 were reversed, doubling the amount of cars able to travel towards safety at one time. The vigilance of our Traffic Operators in tracking weather reports, press conferences, and updates from southern departments of transportation, helped us relay this closure information to residents in timely fashion. These major shutdowns, along with literally hundreds of other smaller road closures, remain high priority for operators across all of our offices at all times of day and night. As could be expected, the roads leading back to the coast aren’t likely to all open up at once so we remain diligent in following and reporting the re-opening of all routes.
The North Carolina Department of Transportation is encouraging drivers to use real time travel-based apps over traditional GPS, since they are more likely to have the most recent routing updates. The TrafficCarma app will indeed have all the latest travel data along with user comments on traffic, accidents, and closures. We’re committed to providing the most up to date travel information for residents eager to return home. Our thoughts are with everyone affected by Florence and we wish you safe travels.
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While they seem to take up the lion’s share of space in the spotlight, autonomous vehicles and Tesla gossip don’t wholly define the broad, bright future of the automotive industry. There are countless technologies in production aimed at redefining how we interact with our cars and how our cars interact us and the world around them. But we’ll keep this brief.
The following are three recent innovations that embody the three major areas of automotive innovation: safety, efficiency, and personalization.
The Shrinking Car
Israeli engineers are developing what they call the “City Transformer”. It’s electric and comes equipped with all the standard features found in your current car. But with the tap of a button, it shrinks down to fit in a motorcycle-sized parking spot. Four City Transformers could fit into a standard parking spot.
Separated Sound Zone
A series of speakers throughout the car target specific seats while neutralizing sound coming from all other speakers will allow the driver and passengers to enjoy their respective entertainment unobtrusively.
Jaguar’s Autonomous Pod with Eyes
To address the distrust much of the public expresses towards autonomous vehicles, Jaguar poses a clever, albeit kind of spooky, addition to driverless vehicles. Eyes affixed to the front of a vehicle are designed to provide a sense of predictability by showing pedestrians that it is indeed aware of their presence.
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The same technology that helps the military detect landmines could soon help autonomous vehicles (AVs) stay in their lane during poor driving conditions. Currently AVs rely on radar, LiDar sensors, and cameras to see their surroundings. But when visibility is low due to inclement weather, time of day, or if road markings are unclear, these systems run into trouble. This is where ground-penetrating radar (GPR) steps in.
Created by researchers at MIT and first put to use by US Armed Forces in Afghanistan in 2013, GPR produces a map of what lies beneath a road by way of electromagnetic pulses. These pulses reach 10 feet into the Earth and reflect off dirt, rocks, pipes, etc. to produce a map of the underground road composition. Comparing this imagery to surrounding subterranean geology tells a vehicle where the road is, even if it can’t be seen by a driver. This mapping has been shown to be accurate within a few centimeters even at highway speeds at night during a snowstorm.
The company leading the development of GPR for the driverless world is a startup called WaveSense. Their slogan “When other sensors go blind, WaveSense keeps you safe.” denotes their aim to fill the gap left by current optical sensor systems. So it’s not to say that LiDar, radar, and camera systems won’t have their place in the future of autonomy, just that GPR will help AVs paint a fuller picture of the world around (and beneath) them.
The automotive industry is on the edge of profound transformations and the reliability of driverless navigation remains the main hurdle left to clear for AVs to meet performance standards and gain public trust. No doubt GPR will be a major factor in making the leap.
Below is a video demonstrating GPR: